A massive 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck 77 kilometres (48 miles) northwest of Nepal's capital Kathmandu in Lamjung District at 11:56 local time on 25 Apr 2015, toppling office blocks and towers and killing hundreds of people. The government reports that 35 of 75 districts are affected in the Western and Central Regions, including the Kathmandu Valley districts. The most affected districts are Dhading, Gorkha, Rasuwa, Sindhupalchowk, Kavre, Nuwakot, Dolakha, Kathmandu, Lalitpur, Bhaktapur, and Ramechhap. (Relief Web, 26 April 2015)
On Tuesday, 12 May 2015 at 12:50 local time (UTC +5:45), a second earthquake measuring 7.3 magnitude struck. The epicentre was southeast of Kodari (Sindhupalchowk District), 76 km northeast of Kathmandu – an area already affected by the 25 April quake. The Government confirmed that a total of 8,881 deaths, 602,254 houses fully damaged and 288,255 houses partially damaged (UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator Nepal, 21 August 2015)
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Population: 26,494,504 (Census 2011)
Ethnic groups: Nepalese 58%; Bihari 18%; Tharu 4%; Tamang 4%; Newar 3%; Magar 2%; Abadhi 2%; Other 12% (populstat)
Rural population: 83% (UNFPA 2012)
Population below poverty line: 25.2% (2010) (WHO 2012) HDI (2014): 0.540 (145 out of 187) (Human Development 2014)
Population density (people per sq. km) in Nepal: 209
Area: 147,181 km2
Official Language: Nepali
GPD per capita: $743 (2012)
Currency: Nepalese rupee (NPR)
Time Zone: NPT (UTC+5:45)
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