The use of cash transfer programming (CTP) does not yet come close in scale to in-kind assistance. Rolling out quality, timely CTP at scale requires investment in preparedness. Despite the growing use of CTP in emergencies most agencies lack cash-specific elements in their contingency planning documents. Response times could be significantly improved if humanitarian actors collaborated to address these gaps.
Key areas to build preparedness include:
A variety of tools are available or in progress to help with each of these processes. CaLP seeks to share preparedness tools, best practices and lessons learned, as well as encourage cash-relevant contingency planning. Market analysis and the use of new technologies in emergency response are two other thematic areas that CaLP is currently exploring and that have two major implications on the consideration and use of quality CTP at scale.
Photo credit: Tessa Bunney / Oxfam
CaLP's strategic focus between now and 2020 will primarily be on supporting operational preparedness for multi-modality response. This is critical to making cash the default method of support for affected populations where markets and operational contexts permit.
By 2020, CaLP's vision is that CTP is a systematic component of a multi-modality response which is agile and responsive to change in needs and market feasibility. This will be achieved when the following indicators are met:
Operational preparedness is limited by the following illustrative constraints:
There are many ongoing efforts to address the challenges above, including efforts to increase the predictability and accountability of cash coordination; institutional capacity building programmes & standardisation; and inter-operability initiatives spear-headed by Financial Service Providers.
CaLP will focus on the following evidence gaps/topic areas to address these:
CaLP has created an Operational Delivery of CTP page as a space for humanitarian practitioners engaged in the operational design and delivery of CTP. This area is specifically focusd on staff working in finance; logistics; security and ICT, either at field, national or Headquarter level.
On this page, CaLP has collated a set of useful resources and materials designed to provide specific guidance and support to staff involved in the operational design and delivery of CTP, including CaLP’s new Guidance Note for Operational and Support Staff involved in Cash Transfer Programming provides step-by-step guidance to preparing, planning implementing and monitoring a cash programme from the perspective of finance, logistics, security and ICT roles
CaLP is developing the evidence base on models for the operational delivery of CTP, to inform:
We are currently conducting a study to explore the links between efficiency, effectiveness and different delivery models for CTP.
Phase 1 is a desk review of delivery models in six locations (Iraq, Ukraine, Philippines, Malawi, Pakistan and Afghanistan).
Phase 2 will build on the analysis through quantitative field work. An overview of the methodology is available here.
Together with partners from the ECHO-funded consortium, we have already developed a framework of different levels of collaboration and co-ordination, which will be refined based on the findings of the study.